Healthy, thick, green grass is something that every homeowner wants for their yard. So, I can understand the frustration if your zoysia grass growth seems stunted!
I know what it’s like to plant zoysia seed or sod, water and fertilize it well, yet not see the promised results.
The good news for you is that I’ve learned a lot in my quest for a great lawn, including how to make zoysia grass spread quickly to achieve thicker turf. I’ll share my findings with you in the rest of this article.
- 1. Remove Thatch Build Up
- 2. Aerate the Soil
- 3. Deeply Water
- 4. Apply An Appropriate Fertilizer
- 5. Mowing
- 6. Weed Management
Steps To Make A Zoysia Lawn Grow Thicker and Spread
You’re probably itching to know how to make zoysia grass spread quickly. While there isn’t a replacement for patience and time when it comes to planting zoysia seed, I’ll share some top tips below to help your current grass spread better and thicker.
1. Remove Thatch Build Up
Grass of many kinds, including zoysia, has issues with thatch, a layer of living and dead plant matter that becomes tightly packed where the grass blades meet the soil. As a result, water, air, and nutrients can struggle to reach zoysia’s roots.
For this reason, thatch build-up is one of the most common issues in well-established lawns. To improve your zoysia’s ability to become thicker and spread more easily, borrow a dethatching machine or vertical mower from your local garden store. Alternatively, if you have a small yard, you can get some exercise by using a hand rake.
2. Aerate the Soil
You may not think of air as important for root growth and spread but it’s critical to the health of your zoysia grass. Roots receive oxygen from the soil. Furthermore, air helps prevent fungus growth.
When soil becomes packed down via mowing, foot traffic, and rain, air can’t penetrate the soil. If you sense that your zoysia’s lack of spreading is from compacted soil, use an aerator on your lawn. You can often borrow these from plant nurseries. Using an aerator will poke holes in the soil, letting oxygen reach the roots.
3. Deeply Water
Strong root growth is crucial for zoysia grass. Although this grass species handles drought well, deep watering becomes even more important if you live in an area that frequently undergoes drought. Deep watering is the concept of dousing your lawn infrequently instead of watering lightly every day.
This practice forces zoysia’s roots to grow longer to access water, making them more resistant to droughts in the future. When deep watering your lawn, ensure it receives an even soaking of water until the soil is wet 2 – 3 inches deep.
4. Apply An Appropriate Fertilizer
Proper nutrition will help your zoysia lawn grow in as thick as possible.
If you’re under the impression that all nutrients are good for zoysia grass, I’m about to change your mind. For example, excess phosphorus in the soil can make it difficult for zoysia to consume the micronutrients it needs to survive, especially iron and zinc.
When looking at fertilizers for your lawn, you’ll want to purchase one with relatively low phosphorus. A 15-0-15 fertilizer is an excellent fit for many zoysia lawns.
Unlike more sensitive grasses, you can take a large, heavy lawnmower onto well-established zoysia grass with little concern over it creating issues. However, what you do after you mow could be the reason for reduced zoysia spread and thickness.
You should always go back through your lawn after mowing and pick up the clumps of cut grass it leaves behind. Otherwise, disease and fungus can build up, killing the live grass growing beneath it.
Any leftover clumps of mowed grass can also block out sunlight — something that zoysia needs for 6 hours a day. When mowing, you should also ensure that you don’t cut more than one-third of the blade height.
6. Weed Management
Given how tightly packed its roots and stems grow, weeds are less of an issue with zoysia than certain other grasses. Nevertheless, clover, dandelions, and wild onion are some of the many weeds that can crop up in your grass.
To manage weeds without harming your grass, using a phosphorus-free fertilizer can help the roots and stems grow even tighter together.
Alternatively, you can apply a specifically manufactured pre-emergent for zoysia grass in the spring and fall. Doing so will quite literally nip the problem in the bud before those pesky weeds appear.
Understanding How Zoysia Grows
Zoysia is a hardy grass that can tolerate heavy foot traffic and drought once established. Before you move forward with encouraging your zoysia to become thicker and spread faster, it’s crucial to know zoysia’s basic growing needs.
This grass originally comes from Asia, where it enjoys warm weather. Its ideal growing temperatures are from 80 – 95 °F. Nevertheless, unlike many warm-season types of grass, zoysia grass can handle cold temperatures.
It is ideal for growing in southern U.S. states or states where the weather transitions to colder winters. That’s because you’ll get to enjoy a longer period of green grass before it goes into a dormant state and turns brown.
Ideal Soil Conditions
Below will explain the soil requirements for your lawn to ensure its optimum growth.
You shouldn’t need to jump through hoops to amend your soil before planting a zoysia lawn. It excels in many different soils, ranging from partially sandy to partially clay. However, if your soil is heavy clay or sand, you’ll need to amend it with silt to ensure water doesn’t drain too quickly or too slowly.
Zoysia’s ideal soil is slightly acidic with a pH of 6.0 – 6.5. If you test your soil and the pH is too high, you can use sulfur to lower it — 5 pounds of sulfur fertilizer per 1,000 square feet of lawn should do the trick. In contrast, applying crushed agricultural limestone to your grass will help increase the pH.
If you live in the northern U.S. but have relatives in a Southern state and compare photos of your grass taken on the same day, you might wonder why their grass is green while yours is brown. The reason for this is that zoysia goes into a temperature-dependent dormancy state.
Once fall comes around and the temperature drops below 55 °F, zoysia turns dormant, and its blades become brown. So, this means that people with zoysia grass in the South will get to enjoy green grass that starts earlier and lasts later in the season than those in the North.
Average Growth Rate
Zoysia starts out with a slow growth rate but grows faster after having a couple of years to establish itself. That said, Purdue University researchers discovered that certain cultivars have faster growth rates than others, with the El Toro and Meyer varieties being the quickest.
When planting zoysia by seed, you can expect it to germinate within 14 – 21 days. At that point, it’ll slowly spread throughout your yard, eventually forming a thick layer of grass. That said, because of zoysia’s relatively slow growth rate, some people choose to install sod. I’ll talk more about this soon.
How Does Zoysia Grass Spread?
Zoysia spreads through a combination of stolons and rhizomes, something unique to this grass as certain other varieties only spread via one method. As a result, once established, zoysia grows thicker and spreads faster than many other kinds of grass.
Furthermore, because of zoysia’s spreading method, it’s a favorite grass among people who have children, host parties, or have other heavy foot traffic through their lawn. It’s hard to beat this grass up, as its rhizomes and stolons make it return time after time.
Rhizomes Vs Stolons
Rhizomes are an underground system of stems that grow new lateral shoots and adventitious roots. In contrast, stolons are above-ground stems that grow horizontally along the ground, periodically creating new growth from the stem itself.
How Long Does It Take Zoysia Grass to Spread?
Although zoysia seeds germinate in 14 – 21 days, it can take up to 3 years for this grass to spread enough where it gives your lawn that full look you’re going for.
For this reason, some people choose to use zoysia sod. These aren’t perfect, however, as they’ll still take 1 or 2 years to fill in.
Sod sheets are an excellent (but more expensive) option if you want to fast-track your way to a full-looking lawn. Of course, even the best sod won’t help a situation if you plant zoysia in unsuitable growing conditions.
Fixing Patches in Zoysia
If you came here because your well-established zoysia grass is patchy rather than because you’re trying to help your zoysia seeds or new sod spread faster, I’ve got the following three solutions for you:
Overseeding zoysia is often the most cost-effective way to fill in patchy spots, especially if your patchy spots span the width of your entire lawn. To start, you’ll need to figure out your planting window based on the USDA zone you live in.
Most zoysia varieties grow in USDA zones 6 – 10. That means you’ll need to plant between March 15th – May 20th, depending on your zone. Then, loosen the patchy soil and sprinkle a thin, even layer of seeds before covering them with ⅛ inch of dirt, sand, or mulch lawn clippings. Finally, keep the soil moist at all times until the grass sprouts.
Sod is a great option to fast-track growth, assuming you have large patches of bald grass. When choosing sod, make sure to select the same variety as your current grass. The Zoysia japonica variety is the most popular, with grasses like El Toro, Meyer, and Zenith falling under this category.
Then, remove rocks, sticks, and any remaining grass from the patch. If the soil is hard, you should use a tiller or rake to loosen it. Finally, roll out the sod and keep it watered until you see lots of above-ground stolon spread, which is a sign that the roots took hold.
Zoysia plugs are the same thing as sod, except you’ll cut the sod slabs into smaller pieces to accommodate tiny or oddly shaped patches.
As with laying down sod, you’ll want to clean up the patchy area of debris and old grass before setting down the plug. Amending the soil if it has a high clay or sand content can also help your plug achieve more success than your older grass. Of course, it’s also necessary to keep your plugs well-watered to ensure the roots take hold.
FAQs Growing Thick Zoysia Turf
Final Thoughts On Making Your Zoysia Lawn Spread
Zoysia is an excellent grass to plant. It’s versatile, withstands warm and cold temperatures well, and can handle the trampling of heavy foot traffic.
Nevertheless, this grass has a slow start to its life cycle, causing some people to wonder if something is wrong with their new lawn. While time plays a huge role, following the recommendations I shared here will ensure your grass has the best chance possible to spread and fill in quickly.