8 Best Fertilizer For Bermuda Grass | How And When To Apply It

This tough and vigorous turf, with a name that conjures up images of vast emerald lawns thriving beneath swaying palm trees, first became popular in the late 1700s. Native to equatorial countries, it became fashionable in Europe for its ability to hold up against polo matches and hunting activities, all while maintaining a relatively pristine appearance.

These days, taking care of our tropical lawns is a bit easier and more economical. But there are always new challenges to overcome, like drought and heatwaves.

Additional benefits of this turf include little need for re-seeding and perennial use in colder climates. No matter how you plan to use Bermuda in your landscape, these lawns shine particularly well when fed the best fertilizer for Bermuda grass available.

Top Fertilizers For Bermuda Grass

If you’re in a hurry, here are my recommendations for both hose-end spray fertilizer and slow-release granules, which are perfect for use in a drop spreader.

Simple Lawn Solutions Grass Fertilizer 6-0-0

Best Fertilizer Spray

Simple Lawn Solutions Grass Fertilizer 6-0-0

Simply attach to the end of your garden hose and spray. A perfect blend of nutrients to kick-start your lawn.

Scotts Southern Turf Builder Lawn Food 26-2-13

Best Granular Fertilizer

Scotts Southern Turf Builder Lawn Food 26-2-13

Protects Bermuda grass through heat and drought. Encourage deep root growth and deep green lawn.

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Choosing Fertilizer For Bermuda Grass

As with most grasses, the highly prized Bermuda thrives on lots of nitrogen which it uses to form all those bright green blades. Each blade converts rays of sunlight into energy through photosynthesis. This energy is then cycled back to the roots, promoting strong and robust growth.

Most of us don’t have lawns that grow in naturally nutrient-rich soil, though. Typically, soil is more clay- or sand-based. So, in order for us to enjoy a beautiful lawn, the first step is to rid it of weeds that may hinder growth. The second is to properly compensate for what the soil beneath lacks.

The key to making a solid feed choice lies in understanding the difference between ‘weed and feed‘ products and those focused solely on providing the nutrients your lawn needs.

Fertilizer vs Weed And Feed

I definitely understand the appeal of a weed and feed for Bermudagrass. It’s one less task for the homeowner to do. Sounds great, especially if your goal is to get things done in less time. But if you want a beautiful, healthy, drought-tolerant, and use-tolerant lawn, then you’ll want to weed and feed separately. Here’s why…

Weed and feed products are basically a combination of a herbicide (plant killer) and a fertilizer (nutrients). If this sounds a little off, you’re right! On both a chemical and biological level, the two processes can not happen effectively at the same time. Simply put, the killing part will over-power the nourishing part and negatively affect your grass.

As previously mentioned, I weed my lawn first. Knowing it’s going to affect the grass, I then come in and give it a much-needed spa day with a healthy dose of fertilizer.

Organic Vs Synthetic

Choosing an organic or synthetic (inorganic) fertilizer is simply a matter of personal preference. In order to make an informed decision, a basic understanding of how each works and affects your environment can make all the difference.

Organics are typically made from plant- or animal-based matter that will not only nourish your plants but improve the soil. Full of beneficial microbes, organic feeds enrich your soil right away and often without the risk that comes with over-fertilizing or run-off into nearby water sources, making these well worth the slightly higher price point compared to synthetics.

Inorganics are manufactured with minerals and synthetic chemicals and often result in plants growing faster with convenient applications designed to feed over longer periods of time.

Liquid vs Granules

The best fertilizer for your Bermuda grass may come in either liquid form or granules. For example, one granular application can last for several months. No watering is needed to activate and it’s less likely to leach into nearby water sources. In regions with ample rainfall, simply sprinkle the granules around your lawn and you’re done.

Liquids can save time and water, especially if you choose one versatile enough to use on other trees and shrubs. When used with a hose attachment, nutrients are carried through the soil where the biggest benefit is how fast nutrients reach the roots. Liquid feeds also tend to keep the pH levels in your soil balanced. However, caution is recommended, as over-feeding could lead to root burn.

8 Bermuda Grass Fertilizers Reviewed

Here, I’ve compiled a list of 8 picks for the best fertilizers for Bermuda grass which encompasses most other varieties of tropical turf. Each one brings something different to the party and offers a unique formula and application method. But they all result in beautiful lawns.


  • A special blend of micro and macronutrients for lawn invigoration
  • Versatile enough for all different kinds of grasses


  • Not designed to treat disease, weed infestation or pests

My top pick is a nitrogen-focused, ready-to-use formula from Simple Lawn Solutions designed to reinvigorate a tired Bermuda lawn. Infused with liquid iron and other micronutrients, this option will give your lawn that much-needed boost of nitrogen in spring plus extra support against heat stress and foot traffic.

As the spring weather warms up, I give our lawns a healthy dose of this product. It perks right up after being dormant all winter. You can continue to use it as a regular feed throughout the season, too. Click here for Simple Lawn Solutions Grass Fertilizer from Amazon.com

How To Use: To ensure optimum absorption, water your lawn thoroughly within 24 hours of application. Simply attach the jug to your hose and evenly spray across your entire lawn for an even effect.

Customer Reviews: Homeowners trying fertilizers with added micronutrients for the first time swear they’ll use nothing else going forward. Tired and heavily trafficked lawn areas exploded with color and remained long into autumn, granting this easy-to-use liquid feed 4.3 / 5 stars.


  • Repairs damage from heat stress caused by extreme heat
  • Encourages strong root growth and enables the turf to retain more moisture even during periods of drought


  • Not recommended for use on already heavily-fertilized soil

Turf Builder Southern Lawn Food from Scotts couldn’t be more specially formulated for use on Bermuda grass if it tried. Its N-P-K ratio of 26-2-13 works to protect your turf against intense heat and drought, as well as encourage healthy and strong root growth and improved color.

As you would expect, you need to use this fertilizer with a spreader tool for optimal coverage but I think they are well worth the small investment because they last for years. Let’s face it, your Bermuda grass will need to be nourished on an ongoing basis throughout each growing season. Check out the latest Scotts Turf Builder for Southern Lawns Price here.

How To Use: For accurate usage and coverage requirements for your turf you can download the Scotts turf measuring app for free. These granules can be applied to either a wet or dry lawn without affecting the performance and results. Scatter evenly across the entire space starting with the outside perimeter and working inwards.

Customer Reviews: Consumers who’ve taken a chance and tried cheaper brands say they always come back to Scotts to avoid parched and patchy grass that is all too common during dry, hot summer months.


  • Effective combination of mulch, seed, and fertilizer
  • Patented seed technology for fast germination


  • Best used for spot-treating problem areas and not for use with large-scale projects

Expressly formulated to support the particular needs of Bermuda grass is Scotts EZ Seed Patch and Repair. In my experience, Bermuda grass holds up pretty well to the stresses of excessive heat and drought. But when my dogs spend a lot of time out there in the summer, that’s when this handy, resealable bag comes out from under my potting bench.

The combination of seed (that absorbs an impressive 6X its weight in water) and slow-release feed that jump-starts growth means I can love my dogs and my Bermuda grass at the same time.

Each seed is wrapped in a tacky, protective layer that keeps it from being washed away while protecting the seedlings from diseases and pests once germinated. All while maintaining the innate features of Bermuda grass like heat, drought, and traffic tolerance. Click here to view Scotts EZ Seed Patch at Amazon.com

How To Use: Apply liberally to the affected area, making sure that the seeds are in contact with the soil. Then, water deeply and thoroughly.

Customer Reviews: Home lacrosse players, dog owners, and harsh climate dwellers all report the same thing. They can’t believe the results! The grass is growing in bare, nutrient-poor dirt, on slopes, and in frigid weather. Consumers were initially confused by the amount of added mulch, which actually protects the seeds during and after germination.


  • Equal proportions of nitrogen and phosphorus for success in nutrient-poor soils
  • Highly beneficial for new sod or reseeded areas


  • Must be consistently watered, initially, to avoid grass/root burn

Here’s a familiar one. Scott’s Turf Builder Starter Food with its 24-25-4 NPK ratio combines an equal ratio of nitrogen and phosphorus with just enough potassium to allow for healthy absorption. I use this on newly laid sod or when reseeding yellowing areas because it is specifically designed for this purpose.

To improve the results of using these granules, there are a few things you should bear in mind. First, you’ll need a seed spreader. There are various models on the market depending on the size of your plot and whether a push-a-long or handheld option is what you’d prefer.

For even seed germination, better-established roots, and to avoid scorching, I recommend watering the treated areas a little more than suggested. This extra attention to detail and additional investment of time is well worth the lush, healthy results that you’ll get from using a quality brand such as Scotts on your brand new Bermuda lawn.

How To Use: Water your lawn thoroughly before applying. Start around the perimeter, working toward the center. Expect coverage of 5000 sq feet per 15lb bag. See details of Scotts Turf Builder Lawn Fertilizer for Bermuda Grass here.

Customer Reviews:  Disappointed customers attempting to grow lush lawns in really sandy soil were absolutely thrilled to see how the higher levels of phosphorus in this product rejuvenated their lawns. Recommendations for use in nutrient and drainage poor soil can be found across many different gardening forums, awarding Scotts Turf Builder 4.5 / 5 stars.


  • Ultra-fine pellets for more effective coverage
  • Slow-releasing, fewer applications required for a greener lawn


  • Not recommended for severely ailing lawns that may need more nitrogen

It’s so nice when we, as homeowners, can enjoy the same professional-grade results as golf courses and sports turfs without the hefty price tag. This slow-release lawn fertilizer from The Andersons offers ultra-fine particles for twice the coverage per square foot.

The 16-4-8 NPK ratio optimizes effectiveness with the addition of humic and fulvic acids. The efficient nutrient absorption and processing provided my lawn with a thick, green appearance in just 6 to 14 days. Click here for The Andersons Professional Fertilizer from Amazon.com

How To Use: Evenly apply over dry grass, watering thoroughly after. Repeat every 6-8 weeks during the growing season.

Customer Reviews: Customers are reporting that, as a slow-release product, results did take some time. But once the product began to take effect, what a difference they saw, granting this grass feed from Andersons 4.7 /  stars.


  • Iron-rich supplement to a normal fertilization schedule
  • Immediate nutrients uptake through foliage and roots


  • May not produce the same results on other types of grass

For a profusion of green in less time I recommend Doc’s Super Juice. The inclusion of iron and other micronutrients in this water-soluble application makes it highly beneficial for grass growing in less-than-desirable soil. As a supplement to a seasonal fertilization schedule, one bag will take care of a full acre of lawn at full strength. Or two acres at half strength, which means no wasted product or run-off.

Results are typically evident when used on Bermuda grass within 5 to 12 days as the combination of 14-2-4 NPK and iron is absorbed quickly through both foliar intake and roots. Click here for Doc’s Super Juice All in One Soluble Supplement Lawn Fertilizer now.

How To Use: Simply combine Doc’s Super Juice with the recommended amount of water and apply using a hose-end sprayer. Repeat every 1-3 weeks in spring, then reduce to every 3-6 weeks in summer.

Customer Reviews: Experience lawn gardeners are pleased with how well this supplement works for a thick, green effect. Especially, when used following the application of a weed removal product. Using it before may encourage vigorous growth of existing weeds or seeds. 4.4 / 5 stars.


  • Contains companion seed for earlier color in early spring
  • Ideal for warmer climates


  • Generous watering is required in the first week or two

This Smart Seed product from Pennington is ideal for lawns in more temperate climates with a minimum of 8 hours of sun per day. It is smart because it’s a highly effective combination of seed and fertilizer that results in vigorous growth and fewer weeds and dandelions.

By including small amounts of a secondary cool-season seed, you get a much earlier color that continues into warmer weather as the Bermuda grass comes into full form and takes over. See more for Pennington Smart Seed here.

How To Use: Spread evenly and rake into the area to be fertilized. Water daily to keep the area moist until blades are at least 3” tall.

Customer Reviews: Customers living in warmer climates who struggle every summer to keep their lawns green despite the heat, really appreciate how well this Bermuda grass seed holds up in scorching temperatures. And being able to enjoy a green lawn earlier than usual is definitely a plus. 4.4 / 5 stars.


  • Effective and balanced formula versatile enough for all types of grass
  • Establishes a heat-tolerant lawn in both temperate and harsher, northern climates


  • It May come at a slightly higher price point than others on the market

To start off, this maximum-strength liquid fertilizer from Petra Tools offers a two-pronged approach to improving the nitrogen levels in your Bermuda grass. As you’d expect from a liquid feed, you get an instant hit of nitrogen to green-up your grass and increase the growth rate. But more than that, you also get Petra Tools’ promise of additional slow-release nitrogen that keeps that growth coming.

To add to that, this lawn care treatment contains potassium and humic acid that work to not only provide robust growth but also increase the health of your lawn and encourage strong root formation.

This is a perfect antidote to the extreme heat of southern summers and it’s also proven to work really well in northern climates too. Best of all, when applied to the few acres of grassy space we have, this lawn feed has shown to be safe enough for all the kid and pet activity we can throw at it and still managed to make our turf look lusciously green and voluminous.

Click here for PetraTools Liquid Lawn Fertilizer.

How To Use: Mix 5oz of this easy-to-use lawn booster per 1 gallon of water for maintaining any patchy areas. Or 10oz per 1 gallon for application in more challenging areas. It is safe to repeat every 14 days until you hit the results you want in terms of vibrancy of color and density. A 1-gallon container will treat 6,400 Sq. Ft. of turf that is in serious need of restoration but less feed is needed if you are using it to spot treat areas of your lawn.

Customer Reviews: Lawn connoisseurs report using this product year after year with dependable results and no worries as to the outcome. Lush green growth is seen after just 1 week, even in the harshest climates. Granting Petra Tools liquid fertilizer 4.7 / 5 stars.

How To Fertilize Bermuda Grass

How to fertilize Bermuda properly depends on whether it’s a newly planted seed, newly laid sod, or an established lawn. We’ve discussed some great fertilizer options that cover a wide variety of growing scenarios that demonstrate the best practices for both new and established lawns.

Newly seeded Bermuda lawns need a specific NPK ratio to encourage healthy, lush growth. The ‘starter’ and slow-release fertilizers on my list contain the right ratio for optimum results without the risk of fertilizer burn. Using a weed-and-feed product on new Bermuda seedlings is not recommended as these can severely damage or destroy them while encouraging vigorous growth in any existing weeds that may be hidden in your soil.

Established lawns need far less phosphorus. In this case, using a nitrogen-rich lawn feed would be far more appropriate and give you that lush, green result.

When To Fertilize Bermuda Grass

As less-than-normal weather patterns continue around the world, creating a consistent seasonal fertilizing schedule will be challenging. Following seasonal weather reports will help you devise a strategy to maintain a lush, green lawn.

Fertilizer Schedule

Despite challenging weather circumstances, we can still depend on seasonal changes. Each season provides us with the opportunity to support the health of our lawns in different ways.


Successfully feeding our Bermuda grass should start with a gentle effort for maximum results. In spring, this means beginning our fertilizing schedule after the last predicted frost with a low- or no-nitrogen feed. According to Clemson University, applying high amounts of nitrogen so close to the end of winter may have fatal consequences if a late, unexpected frost occurs. Even in warmer climates, feeding should start with a low-nitrogen NPK so as not to shock the roots after being dormant all winter.


Bermuda grass thrives in soil with a pH range of 6 – 6.5. A soil test can help determine if your summer feed needs to increase acidity as you move to one with more nitrogen support. At this time of year, Bermuda benefits most from 2 to 4 lbs of nitrogen per 1000 sq ft of sod. Higher amounts are typically used with lawns grown in sandy or clay soils. The addition of iron in your feed, at this time, will promote a more vibrant green color without stimulating excess growth.


Nitrogen application should be limited to the summer months. Applying it in fall could trigger new growth that may be fatally damaged by an early frost. Potassium is recommended to encourage winter hardiness. Apply this at least 4 to 6 weeks before the first expected frost for the best effect. This applies in warmer climates, too, as added potassium needs to be applied and absorbed before the lawn enters its dormancy stage.

Verdict On The Best Bermuda Grass Fertilizers

I hope this list has given you some great feed ideas for your particular region and climate. No matter what your circumstances, there’s always a right fit to give your Bermuda grass that lush, green lawn that is both beautiful and safe for you and your family.

I have no reservation whatsoever in recommending Simple Lawn Solutions liquid lawn fertilizer as my first choice. It gives an instant hit to boost color and growth followed by a further slow-release to enhance growth further and encourage better root development.

Simple Lawn Solutions Grass Fertilizer 6-0-0

Best Fertilizer Spray

Simple Lawn Solutions Grass Fertilizer 6-0-0

Simply attach to the end of your garden hose and spray. A perfect blend of nutrients to kick-start your lawn.

Scotts Southern Turf Builder Lawn Food 26-2-13

Best Granular Fertilizer

Scotts Southern Turf Builder Lawn Food 26-2-13

Protects Bermuda grass through heat and drought. Encourage deep root growth and deep green lawn.

If you prefer a granular feed, then Scotts Southern Turf Builder Lawn Food will do a fantastic job. It’s a tried and tested favorite that will protect against extreme heat and allow your lawn to retain moisture even in the driest of climates.

Is it a spot treatment that you need for your Bermuda lawn? In which case, I recommend Scotts EZ Seed Patch and Repair.

Whatever you need to make your lawn look its best this summer, I’ve got you covered.

FAQ’s Fertilizing Bermuda Grass